22nd October 2018, Current Affairs and News Analysis for UPSC Civil Service Examination, SSC CGL and State Civil Service Examinations.

22ndOctober 2018 - Current Affairs for UPSC IAS and State Civil Service Exam

International Relation

ADMM 2018

Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman held a series of bilateral meetings with her counterparts from ASEAN nations and US Defence Secretary James Mattis on the sidelines of ASEAN Defence Ministers' Meet here.

  • The 12th ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting (ADMM) and 5th ADMM-Plus were held recently Singapore.
  • The conferences were attended by defence ministers from India, Australia, China, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Russia and US.
  • ADMM and ADMM-Plus serves as key Ministerial-level platforms in regional security architecture for promoting strategic dialogue and practical cooperation between ASEAN and its partners.

Dhaka faces Rohingya ire on shift plan

Context

  • Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali clarified at a meeting with a foreign media delegation that the Rohingya are not Bengalis and have a distinct identity that should be recognised.
  • India and China are building homes in Rakhine to accommodate those who return home. But no one on the ground is sure that they would return after the assault they experienced.
  • The Minister clarified that storm-shelters had been built on the islet, located in the path of deadly annual cyclones that visit the region, to help the Rohingya settle there.
  • However, it remains unclear whether any of the current refugees of Kutupalong would shift there voluntarily as the community leaders have disagreed with Dhaka’s plan to leave the safe surrounding of what was once an elephant sanctuary.

Who are Rohingyas?

  • Rohingya Muslims comprise one million out of the 53 million people that live in Myanmar, forming the world’s largest stateless population in a single country.
  • Universally reviled by the country’s Buddhist majority, they have been oppressed by the government since the late 1970s when the government launched a campaign to identify ‘illegal immigrants’.
  • Serious abuses were committed, forcing as many as 250,000 Rohingya refugees to flee to Bangladesh.
  • The 1982 Citizenship Law in former Burma made the Rohingyas stateless people.
  • They have often been called the most persecuted minority in the world.
  • The 1.1 million Rohingya Muslims squeezed precariously into the north-west state of Rakhine, in mainly Buddhist Burma, bordering majority Muslim Bangladesh, are stateless and unwanted.

What are the living conditions?

  • The 2017 monsoon was a shocker as most of the refugees had come with almost nothing and they had nowhere to stay.
  • But now at least most of them have a roof overhead, though conditions are far from perfect, with large families cramped in tiny hutments.
  • Just a year ago, the hills near Kutupalong used to host wild elephants and leopards, but the tide of Rohingya refugees from across the Myanmar border has evicted the wildlife and removed the forest. On the denuded hills and knolls has emerged a gigantic slum colony supported mainly by Bangladesh.
  • China and India have also pledged support, but the real issue is the return of the refugees and ensuring justice for the victims who faced atrocities at the hands of the Myanmar military.
  • The ultimate fate of the 13 lakh refugees is being debated and it is not clear where they will finally reside.

Technology

China to launch artificial moon

China is planning to launch its 'Artificial Moon' by 2020 to reduce the cost of street lights and reduce the cost of electricity in the urban areas of the country. These satellites are being developed in the Chengdu city of southwestern Sichuan province.

key points

  • These satellites will be illuminated by the light of the actual moon, but their light will be eight times the light of the actual moon.
  • Three big artificial mirrors will be sent along with the satellite.
  • Where the actual moon is 380,000 km The Earth revolves around the height of the Earth, the artificial moon is 500 km from the earth. Will revolve around the height of
  • If the first experiment is successful, then three such kind of artificial moons will be launched by the year 2022.
  • As a result of the artificial moon, Chengdu city will save 1.2 billion yuan ($ 173 million) of electricity cost annually.
  • China believes that this artificial moon can be published in the area of 50 sq. Km.
  • This is not the first time that planned to launch the artificial moon, before Russia and the United States have already worked on such schemes.

NCCR develops system to estimate, predict flooding within Chennai

In 2015, unprecedented and sudden floods paralysed Chennai with over 18 lakh people being displaced. Following this, at the behest of the office of the Principal Scientific Advisor to government of India, research institutions, chief among them the National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR), Chennai, and IITs, got together to build a flood warning system customised for use in Chennai. Carrying the acronym C-FLOWS, which stands for Chennai FLOod Warning System, the six-module ensemble can predict flooding due to heavy rainfall, sea-level rise and increase in water levels of the three rivers — Cooum, Adyar and Kosasthalaiyar — that traverse the city.

  • It is a six-module ensemble which can predict flooding due to heavy rainfall sea-level rise and increase in water levels of the three rivers Cooum, Adyar and Kosasthalaiyar that traverse the Chennai city.
  • The State government shared data such as ward boundaries, population details, and infrastructure available across Tamil Nadu, which have been used in the warning system.
  • Knowing the elevation at different spots, the system can predict the way the area would flood based on different scenarios that have been simulated.

Security

Govt soon to bring air cargo policy

  • Civil Aviation Minister Suresh Prabhu said that Government will soon bring air cargo policy and will be placed before the cabinet for its approval.
  • Agricultural produce can be sent through air cargo and farmers can sell their produce in other part of the count.

Tidbits

Azad Hind Government

PM Modi hoists Tricolour at Red Fort on 75th anniversary of Azad Hind government.

  • 2018 is 75th anniversary year of the Azad Hind Government, founded on 21st October, 1943.
  • It was inspired by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose who was the leader of Azad Hind Government and also the Head of State of this Provisional Indian Government-in-exile.
  • It was a part of the freedom movement, originating in 1940s outside India with a purpose of allying with Axis powers to free India from British rule.
  • The existence of the Azad Hind Government gave a greater legitimacy to the independence struggle against the British.
  • Pertinently, the role of Azad Hind Fauj or the Indian National Army (INA) had been crucial in bequeathing a much needed impetus to India’s struggle for Independence.