17-18th October 2018, Current Affairs and News Analysis for UPSC Civil Service Examination, SSC CGL and State Civil Service Examinations.

17-18th October 2018 - Current Affairs for UPSC IAS and State Civil Service Exam

National

Museum of Indian PMs

The Museum of Prime Ministers in the Teen Murti complex will be completed in a year and cover the life and times of all Indian Prime Ministers, including Present PM Narendra Modi.

  • The Union Culture Ministry will construct a museum on Prime Ministers on the Teen Murti Estate, Delhi.
  • The museum dedicated to all Prime Ministers will come up within the 25.5-acre estate, but separate from the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (NMML) buildings.
  • A museum dedicated to all the Prime Ministers in the vicinity of the memorial of the country’s first Prime Minister was envisaged to enable the visitor a holistic understanding of the continued thread of leadership, initiatives and sacrifice that have shaped our nation since independence.

International Relations

Palaly airport in Sri Lanka to be developed by AAI

News

Airports Authority of India (AAI) will now develop airports abroad, like its private counterparts GMR and GVK. AAI will develop an airport in Sri Lanka’s

“AAI has signed an agreement with (Indian) ministry of external affairs for preparation of detailed project report for development of Palaly Airport in Sri Lanka. Considering AAI’s expertise and capabilities in airport development and operation management, the authority wants to go global. AAI has developed more than 60 airports in metros and non metros in India and now wants to leverage its expertise to other countries on a bigger scale

Palaly is in Jaffna in the north — Tamil territory. India had earlier promised to develop Palaly airport which has been a demand by the northern province for some time. The airport will be Sri Lanka's first in the north, give the northern people direct connectivity with places like south India, Malaysia and Thailand. India has also offered to develop the Kankesanthurai airport also in the north, as well as the Mattala international airport in south Sri Lanka, abutting the Chinese developed Hambantota port.

Key Points

  • Palaly is important due to the fact that it is in the sensitive Tamil-dominated northern province, traditionally closer to India, a person familiar with the development said
  • The agreement for Palaly was recently signed by AAI’s executive director (land management and business development) Anil Gupta and MEA’s joint secretary Sanjay Panda

Economy/Science

IIT-Bombay tops in QS ranking

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, has topped the first-ever standalone ranking of Indian higher education institutions by QS.
  • QS is a think tank that is famous for bringing out world rankings of institutions.
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, which tops Indian institutions in almost all rankings, stands second.
  • The top 10 Indian institutions include seven IITs, with the IITs at Madras, Delhi, Kharagpur and Kanpur standing third, fourth, fifth and sixth, respectively, in the rankings.
  • While the University of Hyderabad stands seventh, the University of Delhi stands eighth in the rankings.
  • To improve global rankings of Indian institutions, the Centre is trying to facilitate more foreign faculty and foreign students’ intake in Indian institutions.

Biodiversity

Windmills pose threat to wildlife: says Study

  • Windmills are seen as a source of green energy, but researchers say they pose a threat to wildlife in forests through collisions and noise.
  • Study by researchers from S/alim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) found that windmills killed birds and bats in collisions, and that birds and mammals also moved away due to the noise. (leads to conflict with humans)

About Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History

  • Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) is a national centre for information, education and research in ornithology and natural history in India.
  • It was inspired by and named in honour of Salim Ali, the leading pioneer of ornithology in India.
  • It is an autonomous organisation established in 1990 as a public- NGO partnership between the MoEF&CC, and the Bombay Natural History Society(BNHS) under the Centre of Excellence Scheme and registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act.
  • Its headquarters are at Anaikatti, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • SACON is associated with the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  • SACON’s mission is: “To help conserve India’s biodiversity and its sustainable use through research, education and peoples’ participation, with birds at the centre stage”.

Manipur’s women march, urge an end to ‘mob justice’

  • For many nights over the past month, Manipur has been witnessing torchlight processions in the valley districts, with the mostly women marchers demanding, among other things, an end to mob violence directed at those accused of crimes.
  • Over the last few years, at least three persons in Manipur, and two in neighbouring Nagaland, have been victims of mob lynchings.
  • Pishakmacha, a middle-aged woman activist said, “We demand an end to mob crime in this State.”
  • Renubala, a young housewife from Thoubal district who is also participating in the marches said, “A man is not guilty unless a court says so. The government should prevent such mob trials and the beating to death of people. The family members of the accused persons also end up being banished from the locality for ever.”
  • On September 19, Manipur’s cabinet decided to introduce ‘The Manipur Mob Violence Control and Prohibition Bill, 2018’ in the Assembly. Chief Minister N. Biren has said that mob violence will never be tolerated or condoned.
  • Mob justice is the verdict of the crowd by subverting the legal procedures and institution in situation of great injustice and mass suffering.
  • This is totally against the law of the land, detrimental to society and catastrophic to personal and cultural liberty.

If the mob is out for social justice we should help by arranging proper place to hold protests and engaging in dialogue with them and come to solution by consensus. Though particular action would depend on situation and context but few precaution which can be taken by administrator are:

  • Take away the accused from scene, preferably in police protection.
  • Talk with leaders of community or gathering, persuade them to not take law in their hand and warn them of possible legal consequences for same.
  • Assure the gathering of strict, severe and immediate action. The taking of accused in custody can be first step in such situation.
  • Overall administration should use his persuasive skills (using logic, reason and emotions) to convince crowd and disperse the gathering at earliest.

Conclusion

  • We may be tempted to come to sudden conclusions regarding such cases. Justice delayed is justice denied no doubt but swift justice may not always be accurate. Evidences may be planted and witnesses may be bribed framing an innocent person.
  • The Indian Judiciary emphasizes on “even if a hundred culprits go free, not a single innocent man should be punished“. Sentences for such crimes are often severe, and it is our moral obligation to ensure that these sentences are handed to only the deserving.

Indian Society

Couple not have wait for 6 months for devorce.

The Supreme Court has allowed a couple to go their separate ways without waiting for the mandatory “cooling-off” period of six months on learning that they have decided to part as friends.

Case Study

A Bench of Justices Kurian Joseph and S.K. Kaul said the court found the husband and wife both “well-educated”. The judges had a long interaction with the couple and were “convinced that they have taken a conscious decision to part as friends” after entering into an amicable settlement. In terms of the settlement, the husband has paid the woman Rs. 12.5 lakh.

This is one of the first cases in which the Supreme Court has followed its own September 2017 ruling that Hindu couples, who have mutually agreed to separate, need not wait anymore for the mandatory “cooling-off ” period of six months before divorce.

The Hindu Marriage Act

  • Previously, under the Hindu Marriage Act, once a couple moved a court of law for divorce, they had to wait for a minimum period of six months before the court actually passed a decree of divorce.
  • Divorce by mutual consent was introduced as an amendment to the Hindu Marriage Act in 1976. The waiting period under Section 13B was mandated to prevent couples from taking any hasty decision to end their marriage.
  • The Hindu Marriage Act was enacted in 1955 by the Parliament of India. The purpose of this act was to modify and codify the laws relating to marriage among the Hindus.
  • This enactment brought uniformity of law for all sections of Hindus and it extends to the whole of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Grounds for divorce

  • Adultery – the respondent has had voluntary sexual intercourse with a man or a woman other than the spouse after the marriage.
  • Cruelty – the respondent has physically or mentally abused the petitioner.
  • Desertion – the respondent has deserted the petitioner for a continuous period of not less than two years.
  • Conversion to another religion – the respondent has ceased to be a Hindu and has taken another religion.
  • Unsound mind – the respondent has been diagnosed since the marriage ceremony as being unsound of mind to such an extent that normal married life is not possible.
  • Presumption of death – the respondent has not been seen alive for seven years or more.
  • No resumption of cohabitation after a decree of judicial separation for a period of at least one year.

Health

22 Zika cases in Rajasthan

  • Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has confirmed 22 positive laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus in Rajasthan’s capital Jaipur.
  • Zika virus disease is an emerging viral disease transmitted through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito and also transmitted via sexual contact.
  • AEDES= Zika, Dengue, Chikungunya, Yellow Fever and West Nile disease
  • 1st identified: Uganda, 1947; was first isolated from Rhesus monkeys in Zika forest near Lake Victoria in Uganda (monitoring network of sylvatic yellow fever)