10-11th October 2018, Current Affairs and News Analysis for UPSC Civil Service Examination, SSC CGL and State Civil Service Examinations.

10-11th October 2018 - Current Affairs for UPSC IAS and State Civil Service Exam

International Affairs/Prelims

China to sell 48 armed drones to Pakistan

China will sell 48 high-end armed drones to its “all-weather ally” Pakistan in what a military observer said will be the largest deal of its kind, official media here reported.

Wing Loong II is a high-end reconnaissance, strike and multi-role endurance unmanned aerial system, capable of being fitted with air-to-surface weapons.

  • It is roughly equivalent to the American MQ-9 Reaper drone.
  • Do you know?

    • China is the largest supplier of weapon system to the Pakistan Army.
    • Both countries also jointly manufacture JF-Thunder a single engine multi-role combat aircraft.
    • The Trump administration has agreed to sell sell 22 Sea Guardian drones to India.
    • India has received 10 advanced Heron drones from Israel as well.

    India-Italy ties: India-Italy Technology Summit 2018

    • Prime Minister of Italy Prof. Giuseppe Conte to visit India
    • He will participate in the 24th edition of the DST-CII India-Italy Technology Summit 2018.
    • The Technology Summit is organized by the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
    • This edition of the Summit will focus on seven areas—Clean tech, Renewable, ICT, Healthcare, Aerospace, Education and Cultural Heritage.
    • The objective of the Summit is to facilitate technology transfers, joint ventures, Research and Development, and market access between industry and research institutions in India and Italy.
    • The visit will be part of the ongoing celebrations to commemorate 70th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Italy.

    Sushma Swaraj to participate in 17th CHG meeting of SCO to be held Tajikistan

    External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj will be participating in the 17th Council of Heads of Government, CHG, meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization to be held in Dushanbe, Tajikistan on 11th to 12th of this month.

    • This will be the second CHG meeting since India became a full member of SCO in June 2017. Last year, CHG meeting was held in Sochi, Russia.
    • The SCO CHG meeting is a forum that enables India to engage with SCO member countries and Observer states of Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia. It is the first major meeting since Kyrgyzstan took over as chair of the Organisation.
    • The leaders will be discussing prospects for further development of SCO and will exchange in-depth views on current international and regional issues.

    Person in News

    Person in news: William Nordhaus and Paul Romer

    Two economists — one focusing on climate change and the other on technology — were awarded the 2018 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.

    chemistry-nobel-winner
    • Frances H Arnold, George P Smith and Gregory P Winter win Nobel prize in chemistry.
    • Briton and two Americans honoured for using evolutionary principles to develop proteins that have been used in new drugs and medical treatments.
    • Three scientists won the Nobel Physics Prize for inventing optical lasers that have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery.
    • Arthur Ashkin of the U.S., Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada.
    • Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2018.

    Economy

    IMF projects India’s growth at 7.3 per cent in 2018

    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Tuesday trimmed its 2018 global economic growth forecast by 20 basis points from its July prediction, but retained its India growth projection at 7.3 per cent for the current fiscal, as a trade war between the US and others has started to hit economic activity.

    In a worrying sign, the IMF predicts India’s current account deficit (CAD) to accelerate to 3 per cent of GDP in 2018-19, worse than the 2.8 per cent level predicted by most analysts and compared with 1.9 per cent a year before, thanks to a spike in oil prices and rising demand. This could keep up pressure on the rupee, which has been flirting with new lows almost on a daily basis recently.

    In 2017, India had clocked a 6.7 per cent growth rate. In India, important reforms have been implemented in recent years, including the Goods and Services Tax, the inflation-targeting framework, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, and steps to liberalise foreign investment and make it easier to do business, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said in its latest World Economic Outlook (WEO) report.

    Basics of GDP and GNP

    • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total money value of final goods and services produced in the economic territories of a country in a given year.
    • GDP stands for total value of goods and services produced inside the territory of India irrespective of whom produced it – whether by Indians or foreigners.
    • Gross National Product (GNP) is the total value of goods and services produced by the people of a country in a given year. It is not territory specific. If we consider the GNP of India, it can be seen that GNP is lesser than GDP.

    Governance

    Nakkheeran editor held on Raj Bhavan’s complaint, freed by court

    • R.R. Gopal, Editor of Tamil magazine Nakkheeran , was on Tuesday arrested in Chennai under Section 124 of the IPC, a provision that deals with “assaulting President/Governor with intent to compel or restrain the exercise of any lawful power” on a complaint from the Raj Bhavan, but was set free by a magistrate in the evening.
    • The complaint was submitted by T. Sengottaiyan, Deputy Secretary to the Governor, to the Commissioner of Police on October 6, accusing Nakkheeran of publishing defamatory reports. These reports insinuated that the Governor and senior Raj Bhavan officials had links with Nirmala Devi, an assistant professor, who was arrested in April on charges of attempted trafficking of college girls.

    Article 124 of IPC

    • Sedition in India is defined by section 124 A of the Indian Penal Code.
    • Section 124 A was introduced by the British colonial government in 1870 when it felt the need for a specific section to deal with radical Wahabi movement of the 19thcentury, led by Syed Ahmed Barelvi and centred around Patna.
    • Section 124 A of IPC says, “Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards the Government established by law shall be punished with imprisonment for life, to which fine may be added, or with imprisonment which may extend to three years, to which fine may be added, or with fine.”

    Important Days

    World Mental Health Day 2018

    The World Mental Health Day was observed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) on October 10, 2018 with an aim to raise awareness of mental health issues around the world and mobilising efforts in support of mental health.

    Theme of World Mental Health Day 2018

    • The theme of 2018 World Mental Health Day was ‘Young People and Mental Health in a Changing World’.

    Background

    • The Day was first celebrated in the year 1992 at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health, a global mental health organisation with members and contacts in more than 150 countries.
    • The Day provides an opportunity for all stakeholders working on mental health issues to talk about their work.
    • Globally, more than 300 million people suffer from depression and more than 260 million are living with anxiety disorders.
    • A recent WHO-led study estimated that depression and anxiety disorders cost the global economy USD 1 trillion each year in lost productivity.