23rd August 2018 Current Affairs from The Hindu and PIB . Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam
President Ram Nath Kovind appoints 7 new Governors; Satya Pal Malik replaces NN Vohra in J&K
President Ram Nath Kovind on August 21, 2018 appointed Governors for seven states including Bihar, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Meghalaya, and Tripura.
In this major reshuffle, Governor Satya Pal Malik was transferred from Bihar to Jammu and Kashmir, replacing NN Vohra. On the other hand, senior BJP leader Lalji Tandon was appointed as the Governor of Bihar.
Bihar governor Satya Pal Malik was appointed as the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir by the President. Malik replaces incumbent NN Vohra, who has been serving this post since 2008.
Though there is no fixed tenure of the Governor, Vohra continued to serve the office at the pleasure of the President. Though Vohra’s second six-year term ended on June 25, 2018, he continued in office after the State was placed under Governor’s rule on June 20, 2018.
- Lalji Tandon: Governor of Bihar
- Tathagata Roy: Governor of Meghalaya
- Ganga Prasad: Governor of Sikkim
- Kaptan Singh Solanki: Governor of Tripura
- Satyadev Narayan Arya: Governor of Haryana
- Baby Rani Maurya: Governor of Uttarakhand
Asian Games 2018: Shooter Rahi Sarnobat clinches 4th gold for India
The Day 4 of Asian Games 2018 has taken off for India with shooter Rahi Sarnobat winning the 4th gold in the finals of women’s 25m pistol event. With the feat, she has become the first Indian woman to win a gold medal in shooting at the Asian Games.
Unfortunately, India’s prime favourite – Manu Baker was eliminated after the fifth round. The 16-year-old had scored a games record total of 593 to top the qualifying list for finals. Rahi was placed 7th with a score of 580.
Earlier in the day, Ankita Raina entered the semifinals in tennis women’s singles event after she won 6-4, 6-1 against Chong Eudice Wong from Hong Kong in the quarterfinals. She has assured India of a medal.
Chhattisgarh to rename Naya Raipur as Atal Nagar
The state government of Chhattisgarh has decided to rename the state’s new capital city Naya Raipur as Atal Nagar in the memory of former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The decision was taken during the state’s cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Raman Singh on August 21, 2018.
Vajpayee, one of India’s great leaders, passed away at the age of 93 on August 16 in New Delhi following a prolonged illness. His last rites ceremony was held with full state honours at Smriti Sthal in the national capital on August 17. The late Prime Minister was also accorded gun salute during the cremation ceremony.
- The Chhattisgarh government has decided to develop an Atal Memorial in an area of five acres at the state’s new capital.
- It will also be renaming few other places and institutions including Bilaspur University and Rajnandgaon Medical College after Vajpayee
- The state cabinet also approved the renaming of the second phase of Singh’s Vikas Yatra as Atal Vikas Yatra.
Chandrayaan-I data confirms presence of ice on Moon: NASA
The NASA scientists, using data from the Chandrayaan-I spacecraft, on August 21, 2018 confirmed that there are frozen water deposits in the darkest and coolest parts of Moon’s Polar Regions. The findings were published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
Scientists have directly observed definitive evidence of water ice in the darkest and coldest parts of Polar Regions of the Moon. At the southern pole, most of the ice is concentrated at lunar craters, while the northern pole’s ice is more widely and lightly spread. The ice deposits are patchily distributed and could possibly be ancient.
About Chandaryan I
- Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first mission to the moon.
- It was launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on October 22, 2008 from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, India, aboard a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket. It operated for almost a year between October 2008 and August 2009
- SRO is now developing a successor mission called Chandrayaan-2, which is expected to launch in 2018-19.
International Labour Organization report on India’s Wages
Real average daily wages in India almost doubled in the first two decades after economic reforms, but low pay and wage inequality remains a serious challenge to inclusive growth, the International Labour Organization warned in its India Wage Report published on Monday.
The ILO has called for stronger implementation of minimum wage laws and strengthening of the frameworks for collective bargaining by workers. This is essential to combat persistent low pay in some sectors and to bridge the wage gaps between rural and urban, male and female, and regular and casual workers.
Highlights of the report
- Real average daily wages in India almost doubled in the first two decades after economic reforms.
- Low pay and wage inequality remains a serious challenge to inclusive growth
- Called for stronger implementation of minimum wage laws and strengthening of the frameworks for collective bargaining by workers.
- Called for actions aimed at bridging the wage gaps between rural and urban, male and female, and regular and casual workers.
- Daily wages in urban areas (₹384) also remain more than twice as high as those in rural areas (₹175), the report said.
- Regional disparities in average wages have actually increased over time, with wages rising more rapidly in high-wage States than in low-wage ones.
- The gender wage gap decreased from 48% in 1993-94 to 34% in 2011-12, but still remains high by international standards.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) was founded in 1919, its Constitution forming part of the Treaty of Versailles. The ILO became the first specialised agency of the UN in 1946. It deals with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
- BIMSTEC – Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
- PM Modi to join a summit of leaders from BIMSTEC countries in Kathmandu on August 30-31 and hold bilateral talks.
- Main focus – speedy conclusion of a Free Trade Agreement within the group
- BIMSTEC countries are yet to finalise and conclude the FTA which was negotiated in 2004.
- BIMSTEC FTA is expected to boost intra-regional trade.
- The visibility of BIMSTEC needs to be enhanced in a region where already a few other regional cooperation groups like ASEAN, SAARC, SASEC are in place.
- BIMSTEC is the sub-regional group of seven countries in South Asia and South East Asia lying in littoral and adjacent areas of Bay of Bengal constituting contiguous regional unity.
- BIMSTC group is comprising of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand.
- It was established on 6 June 1997 through Bangkok Declaration. It is headquartered in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
- Objectives of BIMSTEC: Technological and economical cooperation among south Asian and south East Asian countries along the coast of the Bay of Bengal.
- It is sector-driven cooperative organization, starting with six sector including trade, technology, energy, transport, tourism and fisheries. In 2008 it was expanded to embrace eight more sectors including agriculture, public health, poverty alleviation, counter-terrorism, environment, culture, people to people contact and climate change.