Current Affair of 22-27 July 2018. Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam


Current Affairs  22-27 July 2018

National

WCD Ministry Launches ‘Childline1098’ Contest

The Ministry of Women and Child Development has launched a contest, #Childline1098, inviting people to share images of the Childline 1098 logo that they spot at unique locations and send it with a tagline, to mark World Day against Trafficking in Persons on July 30.

CHILDLINE is India's first 24-hour, free, emergency phone service for children in need of aid and assistance. At present, it is operational at 450 locations

Delhi Government launches new solar scheme to increase farmers’ income

The state cabinet of Delhi on July 24, 2018 approved a scheme under which farmers in the national capital will be able to lease out a part of their agricultural land for setting up of solar panels to get additional income.

The scheme - 'Mukhyanmantri Kissan Aaye Badhotri Solar Yojna’ was approved at a cabinet meeting chaired by the state’s Chief Minister, Arvind Kejriwal. Under the scheme, any farmer can rent out not more than one-third of his land to a private firm to set up solar panels at a rate of Rs one lakh per annum per acre.

Environment Minister inaugurates advanced system of air quality ‘SAFAR’

Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan unveiled a state-of-the-art Air Quality and Weather Forecast System– ‘SAFAR’ (System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting) at Chandni Chowk in New Delhi on July 21, 2018.

First of its kind in the country, the system was developed indigenously in record time by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune and operationalised by India Meteorological Department (IMD). The giant true colour LED display will give out real-time air quality index on 24x7 basis with colour coding along with 72-hour advance weather forecast.

KTDC Launches Country's 1st State-Run All-Woman Hotel

The hotel named 'Hostess' was launched by Kerala Tourism minister Kadakampally Surendran. A flagship project of the Kerala Tourism Development Corporation (KTDC). The hotel will come up within six months at the KTDC complex.

Work on India's public sector hotel run entirely by women for women is claimed to be the first such in the country.

Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog & MyGov Launches 'Innovate India Platform'

R Ramanan, Mission Director, Atal Innovation Mission and Arvind Gupta CEO, MyGov launched the “#InnovateIndia Platform”, a collaboration between the Atal Innovation Mission and MyGov, a citizen-centric platform of the Government of India.

The #InnovateIndia MyGov-AIM portal creates the innovations platform for registering both grassroots and deep-tech innovators at a national level.

Odisha Government Launches 'Green Mahanadi Mission'

The Chief Minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik launched the 'Green Mahanadi Mission'. The CM launched the mission by planting a sapling on the bank of river Mahanadi during his visit to Boudh and Subarnapur districts in western Odisha.

The main objective of the mission is to stop soil erosion on river banks and recharge the groundwater reserve.

Invest India and Business France Sign MoU to Promote Investment

Invest India and Business France have signed an MoU to promote investment facilitation and cooperation between startups of India and France.

The goal will be to facilitate direct foreign investment by providing practical investment information to enterprises and support the companies.

Lok Sabha passes National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017

The Lok Sabha passed the National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017 that seeks to amend the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) Act, 1993.

Objective: The Bill seeks to grant retrospective recognition to those approved Central and State Institutions and Universities that conduct teacher education courses but do not have recognition under the NCTE Act, 1993.00

Parliament passes Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill

The Parliament on July 25, 2018 passed the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018 that seeks to prevent economic offenders from fleeing the country and evading the legal process.

The bill was passed by the upper house of the Parliament, the Rajya Sabha through a voice vote. The Lok Sabha had cleared the bill on July 19 after almost a two-hour long debate.

The bill’s implementation is expected to restore law and order, as the fugitive economic offenders would be forced to return to India to face trial for their offences.

Lok Sabha passes Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017

The Lok Sabha on July 23, 2018 passed the Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017 that seeks to amend the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881. The Act has amended to deal firmly with cheque bounce cases.

The Bill inserts a provision allowing a court trying an offence related to cheque bouncing, to direct the drawer to pay interim compensation to the complainant. The interim compensation will not exceed 20 percent of the cheque amount. Negotiable Instruments refers to any legal documents like cheques, promissory notes, bill of exchange etc that promise to pay specific amount of money to bearer or holder of instrument or person whose name is written on instrument, either on demand or on specified time.

West Bengal assembly passes resolution to change state’s name to ‘Bangla’

The state assembly of West Bengal unanimously passed a resolution on July 26, 2018 to change the state’s name to ‘Bangla’ in all three languages – Bengali, Hindi and English.

The name change will only become official when the resolution gets the approval from the Union Home Ministry.

The move comes almost two years after the West Bengal assembly first passed a resolution to change the name of the State. The state government had earlier submitted a proposal to the Centre to change the name of West Bengal to ‘Bengal’ in English and ‘Bangla’ in Bengali.

International

10th BRICS Summit 2018 begins in Johannesburg

The 10th edition of BRICS Summit began in Johannesburg, South Africa on July 25, 2018. Attended by all the BRICS leaders, the BRICS Summit 2018 will be held from July 25 to July 27.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s three-nation tour of Africa, which began from Rwanda, will culminate in South Africa. Modi is likely to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the summit.

Theme: ‘BRICS in Africa: Collaboration for inclusive growth and shared prosperity in the 4th Industrial Revolution'

North Korea is still making the nuclear material: Mike Pompeo to lawmakers

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has told lawmakers that North Korea is still making the nuclear material. The revelation comes six weeks after US President Donald Trump said the nuclear threat from Pyongyang was over.

Mr Trump had met with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un last month in Singapore, where the US said Kim had agreed to totally get rid of his nuclear weapons.

Science And Technology

NASA to launch Parker Solar Probe to touch the Sun

The US space agency NASA on July 20, 2018 announced to launch the Parker Solar Probe, a robotic car-size spacecraft, to study the Sun and reveal multiple mysteries behind the star. The spacecraft will be launched in August 2018 on the United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy from Cape Canaveral in Florida.

Parker Solar Probe is part of NASA’s Living with a Star Program to explore aspects of the Sun-Earth system that directly affect life and society. The spacecraft has been designed to endure wicked heat while zooming through the solar corona to study the outermost part of the stellar atmosphere that gives rise to the solar wind.

First lake of liquid water is discovered on Mars

A massive underground lake has been detected for the first time on Mars, raising the possibility that more water - and maybe even life - exists there.

According to a report led by Italian researchers in the US journal Science, the lake is about 20 kilometres wide, located under a layer of Martian ice. It is the largest body of liquid water ever found on the Red Planet.

Mars is now cold, barren and dry but used to be warm and wet. It is believed that the planet was home to plenty of liquid water and lakes at least 3.6 billion years ago.

Scientists are eager to find signs of contemporary water because such discoveries are key to unlocking the mystery of whether life ever formed on Mars in its ancient past, or if it might persist today.

Ramachandra Guha Pens Book Titled 'Gandhi: The Years That Changed The World (1914-1948)'

Renowned historian and author of several bestselling books Ramachandra Guha has penned a new book titled "Gandhi: The years that changed the world (1914-1948)" on the father of the nation.

Billed as the most definitive new biography of Gandhi, the upcoming book will be published by Penguin Random House India and will be released in September 2018.

Kargil Vijay Diwas: 26th July 2018

India on July 26, 2018 celebrated the 19th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas to mark the success of ‘Operation Vijay’ and to remember the supreme sacrifice of the Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the 1999 India-Pakistan Kargil War.

The day is celebrated on 26 July every year to commemorate India’s victory in the 1999 Kargil War against Pakistan. The 73-day war, fought during May – July 1999, had started with the reports that intruders from Pakistan had come deep inside Indian Territory in strategic positions that overlooked the only road link between Srinagar and Leh.

Business

Vodafone-Idea Cellular merger gets final nod from govt

The Union Government today gave its final approval for the mega merger of Vodafone and Idea Cellular which will create the country’s largest mobile operator with 35 per cent market share and around 430 million subscribers.

The move comes just days after Idea Cellular and Vodafone India made a joint payment of Rs 7,268.78 crore ‘under protest’ to the Department of Telecom (DoT) for merging their mobile businesses.

A senior DoT official privy to the development said that the final approval has been accorded to the merger and the entities will now approach the Registrar of Companies (RoC) for stipulated filings for approval, thereby completing the last leg of formalities.

RBI to issue new 100 Rupee notes with motif of 'Rani Ki Vav'

The Reserve Bank todaysaid it will soon issue new 100 rupee notes in lavender colour having motif of ‘Rani ki vav' - a stepwell located on the banks of Saraswati river in Gujarat'sPatan.

The note has otherdesigns, geometric patterns aligning with the overall colour scheme, both atthe obverse and reverse. The new 100 rupees note follows, new notes in thedenomination of 10 rupees, 50 rupees and 500 rupees.

Schemes

Seva Bhoj Yojna

  • It is a Central Sector Scheme under the Ministry of Culture.
  • Under the Scheme, CGST and Central Government’s share of IGST paid by Charitable Religious Institutions on purchase of specific raw food items shall be reimbursed to them as financial assistance by the Government of India.
  • The charitable religious institutions include Temples, Gurudwara, Dharmik Ashram, Mosques, Dargah, Church, Matth, Monastries etc. 
  • As per the scheme guidelines, the institutions applying for financial assistance are required to produce a certificate from District Magistrate indicating that the institution is involved in charitable religious activities.
  • These institutions must be distributing free food to public/devotees etc. since last 3 years on daily/monthly basis.
  • In case of mis-use of funds, it provide for penalties such as black listing the organisations, recovering the financial assistance with penal interest apart from taking criminal action as per law.

Dieases in News

Kala Azar

  • An outbreak of kala azar was recently reported from the kozhikode district, after two months of Nipah virus outbreak.
  • Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar, is caused by the protozoan Leishmania parasites.
  • It is transmitted to humans through infected sandflies.
  • It is characterized by irregular bouts of fever, weight loss, enlargement of the spleen and liver, and anaemia.
  • The parasite migrates to the internal organs such as the liver, spleen, and bone marrow, and, if left untreated, may result in the death.
  • It is endemic to the Indian subcontinent in 119 districts in four countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal).
  • India itself accounts for half the global burden of the disease.
  • India has missed the 2017 deadline for elimination of Kala Azar.
  • Elimination is defined as reducing the annual incidence of Kala Azar to less than 1 case per 10,000 people at the subdistrict level.

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