Current Affair of 18-20 July 2018. Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam


Current Affairs 18-20 July 2018

NATIONAL

Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar launches 'Paudhagiri' Campaign

Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar on July 16, 2018 launched the 'Paudhagiri' campaign with an aim to increase the green cover in Haryana. CM Khattar launched the 'Paudhagiri' campaign by planting a 'maulsari' sapling in the Tau Devi Lal Sports Complex premises of Gurgaon.

Under this plantation drive, 22 lakh students from class 6 to 12 of all government and private schools in Haryana will plant a sapling each during three months of monsoon -- July, August and September. Every student will get a sapling from the Forest department and they can plant it either in the courtyard of their house, field or park or school or at any open space available in their proximity.

High-level Inter-ministerial meeting held to deliberate on issues of pollution affecting Taj Mahal

A High-level Inter-ministerial meeting was held on July 16, 2018 in New Delhi to deliberate on various issues and actions to be taken to conserve The Taj Mahal. The meeting focussed on action points needed to overcome Air and Water pollution in and around the Taj Mahal.

The Inter ministerial panel took serious cognizance of the observations made by the Supreme Court on Taj conservation and will take every possible step to deal with Air and Water pollution. To deal with air pollution, the use of bio fuel, green fuel and electric vehicles will be popularised in Agra. An ethanol policy will be introduced for Agra which will include conversion of bio mass to ethanol during the crop burning season.

President Ram Nath Kovind approves Assam's Anti-Witch Hunting Bill

President Ram Nath on July 17, 2018 approved the Assam Witch Hunting (Prohibition, Prevention and Protection) Bill, 2015, thus, converting it to an Act. The Bill was unanimously passed by the Assam assembly in 2015.

The Bill seeks to fight the menace of superstitious practice of witch hunting that has already claimed several lives in the last decade.

Provisions of the Bill

  • The bill recognises all cases of witch-hunting as non-bailable, cognizable and non-compoundable.
  • It prohibits any person from identifying, calling or defaming any other person as witch by words, conducts, signs or indications.
  • It imposes maximum imprisonment up to seven years and maximum fine up to Rs 500000 for branding someone as witch.
  • National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research

    • Indian Government has recently renamed National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) as “National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research”.
    • NCAOR was formed in 1998 with an objective to conduct expedition to India’s base stations in Antarctica.
    • NCAOR is under the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
    • The intent behind the name change is to show that government is refocusing its priorities to Arctic.
    • It is because of the opportunities and challenges posed by climate change in Arctic.
    • Now, India only has one Arctic observation station near Norway.
    • India is already an observer at the Arctic Council.

    Rajya Sabha passes Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill

    The Parliament passed the Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill, 2017 on July 18, 2018.

    The bill, which seeks to amend the Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act, 1952, was adopted by a voice vote in Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the parliament. The Lok Sabha had passed the bill in December 2017.

    Belagavi gets K-TECH Innovation Hub

    Belagavi moved a step closer to becoming a smart city by getting its own innovation hub.

    The government decided to establish these facilities in tier II cities to leverage the existing manufacturing clusters and the local human resource available in the academic and industrial bodies.

    We will engage with key stakeholders in the local ecosystem for the sustainability of these facilities.

    The hub provides space and infrastructure, instrumentation, prototyping facilities, business set-up support, world class innovation network and connections under one roof. The K-Tech Innovation Hub is a “Product Start-up Incubator-cum-Common Instrumentation Facility” located in an 8,000-sq ft building. The government intends to establish five such K-TI Hubs across the State. The Belagavi hub is based on the IKP EDEN (IKP Engineering, Design and Entrepreneurship Network) model set up in Bengaluru in September 2015, according to the Minister.

  • The 2020 plan of the government is to make Belagavi a technology super-centre in five years.
  • Gujarat to form Sanskrit Bhasha Vikas Board

    In order to promote the Sanskrit language, the state government has decided to form the Sanskrit Bhasha Vikas Board. The decision was announced by state education minister Bhupendrasinh Chudasama at an event held at the Gujarat University.

    BUSINESS

    RBI To Issue New Design Rs100 Denomination Banknote

    The Reserve Bank of India will shortly issue Rs100 denomination banknotes in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series, bearing the signature of Dr Urjit R. Patel, Governor, Reserve Bank of India.

    The new denomination has Motif of “RANI KI VAV” on the reverse, depicting the country’s cultural heritage. The base colour of the note is Lavender. The dimension of the banknote will be 66 mm × 142 mm. All the banknotes in the denomination of Rs100/- issued by the Reserve Bank in the earlier series will continue to be legal tender.

    INTERNATIONAL

    China to launch 300 satellites to provide worldwide low-orbit communications

    China on July 16, 2018 announced its plans to launch 300 low-orbit satellites to provide worldwide communication services. This 300-satellite array is named as the ‘Hongyan Constellation’. Hongyan stands for 'wild goose'; in ancient China, geese were used to deliver messages.

    The first satellite in the Hongyan constellation will be launched by the end of 2018 itself. The Hongyan constellation is composed of more than 300 satellites, along with data processing centers, and will be built in three stages.

    Nelson Mandela International Day 2018 : July 18

    July 18 marks what would have been the 100th birthday of former South African president and social justice leader Nelson Mandela.

    • Nelson Mandela International Day is an annual international day in honor of Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s 1st black president which is celebrated each year on 18 July.
    • The day was 1st celebrated as UN Mandela Day on 18 July 2010 and 2018 marks the 100th birth anniversary.
    • Mandela is remembered for his anti-apartheid activities and fight against poverty and promoting justice for all.

    APPOINTMENT

    RBI approves appointment of Girish Chaturvedi as ICICI Bank non-executive chairman.

    RBI has approved the appointment of Girish Chandra Chaturvedi as non-executive (part time) Chairman of the ICICI Bank till June 30, 2021. The private lender had appointed the former petroleum secretary as the company's non-executive chairman on June 29.

  • Last month, ICICI Bank announced that Kochhar has decided to go on leave till the completion of an external enquiry into the matter.
  • SPORTS

    7 New Medal Events Added To Beijing Winter Games 2022

    Planning for its next three Olympic Games, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has added seven medal events to the 2022 Beijing Winter Games, published a 2020 Tokyo Olympics schedule with no agreement on when to race swimming finals, and set a timetable to add new sports to the 2024 Paris Olympics.

    The next Winter Olympics will now include: women’s monobob, Big Air freestyle skiing for men and women, plus mixed team events in short track speed skating, ski jumping, ski aerials and snowboardcross.

    Finance Ministry Approves Infusion of Rs 11,336 crore in 5 PSBs

    The finance ministry has approved an infusion of Rs 11,336 crore in five state-owned lenders including PNB, Corporation Bank and Andhra Bank to help them meet the regulatory capital requirement.

    This is the first ever capital infusion in the current fiscal and the remaining amount of Rs 53,664 crore would be disbursed during the course of the year. iii. Which bank will get how much

    Chopra wins Gold at Sotteville Athletics Meet

    • Neeraj Chopra, India’s javelin star, struck Gold in the Meeting International de Sotteville-les-Rouen in France.
    • Chopra’s throw of 85.17m was enough to clinch the top spot on the podium.
    • The winning distance from Chopra was, however, less than the 86.47m he achieved for gold at Gold Coast CWG.
    • Neeraj is a part of India’s squad for the Asian Games 2018.

    LIFE

    Samagra Shiksha Scheme

    • National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has organised “Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan” in Ganga basin states.
    • The campaign has been initiated as part of the Forest Interventions in Ganga (FIG) component of Namami Gange programme.
    • It aims to bring greater awareness among people and other stakeholders regarding the importance of afforestation for the task of Ganga Rejuvenation
    • Afforestation and augmentation of existing forest along the Ganga strengthen the riparian ecosystem thereby contributing to the overarching cause of Ganga Rejuvenation.
    • The five states covered are Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

    Sagarmala initiative

    • Government has recently inaugurated Hi-tech labs in centre of excellence in Maritime & Ship Building (CEMS), Vishakapatnam.
    • The prime objective of the sagarmala project is to promote port-led development and to provide infrastructure to transport goods quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively.
    • It intends to enhance the capacity of major and non-major ports.
    • It also strives to ensure sustainable development of the population living in the coastal economic zones.
    • Community Development Fund will be created for projects and activities which strive to bring development for coastal communities.

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