Current Affairs, 08-11 July 2018 Exam View - From The Hindu and PIB

Current Affair of 08-11 July 2018. Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam

Current Affairs 08-11 July 2018

NATIONAL

PM Modi Inaugurated World's Largest Mobile Factory In Noida

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of the Republic of Korea Moon Jae-in inaugurated Samsung’s mobile manufacturing plant, touted as the biggest in the world, in Noida.

With this plant, set up on an investment of ₹4,915 crore, the South Korean electronics major plans to make India an export hub, with 50% of its overall production coming from here in the next three years from the present 10%. Samsung said it will almost double its manufacturing capacity to 120 million by 2020 from 68 million now.

The Prime Minister noted that India now ranks second, globally, in the manufacture of mobile phones, with the number of mobile phone manufacturing factories rising from just 2 to 120, in about four years’ time, creating 4 lakh direct employment opportunities.

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs Launched ISCF And ISCI Program

Mr Hardeep S Puri, Minister of State (I/C), Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has launched India Smart Cities Fellowship (ISCF) and Internship (ISCI) program that will provide the youth with an opportunity to experience the aspects of Urban planning and governance.

'Smart Cities Digital Payments Awards 2018' was also launched which is intended to promote ‘Digital India’ and ease of living for India’s urban residents by promoting digital payments and encouraging Smart Cities to adopt innovative digital payments initiatives.

Uttar Pradesh orders plastic ban from July 15, third time since 2015

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath announced ban on plastic bags, cups and glasses across the state from July 15 onwards. Adityanath, who made the announcement during a programme in Barabanki district, said that it would be a big movement for the protection of environment and also sought co-operation from the public.

It may be mentioned that previous Samajwadi Party Government too had imposed ban on polythene bags following a court order in December, 2015 after a cabinet approval. The government had also issued notification dated December 22, 2015, whereby no shopkeeper, vendor or wholesaler could use, sell, purchase or even store a polythene bag. Though the ban was imposed partially for sometime, its use could not be stopped.

1st Meeting Of e-Commerce Task Force Held in New Delhi

Commerce Secretary, Rita Teaotia, chaired the first meeting of the Task Force on e-commerce in New Delhi. The meeting deliberated upon the suggestions emerging from the sub-group meetings held in June 2018.

It was decided to set up a Task Force in the first meeting of the Think Tank, on the framework for national policy on e-commerce, held in April 2018, under the chairmanship of Suresh Prabhu, Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation

AAI To Set up Civil Aviation Research Organization In Hyderabad

State-run Airports Authority of India (AAI) will set up a state-of-the-art Civil Aviation Research Organization (CARO) at Hyderabad’s Begumpet Airport to find indigenous solutions to meet the challenges posed by the growing air traffic and for enhancing safety, capacity and efficiency of aircraft operations in the country.

AAI has earmarked Rs 1,200 crore for this project that will be spent over 12 years for research and development. CARO is expected to be built in three years. Union aviation minister Suresh Prabhu laid the foundation stone for CARO which will be spread over 27 acres and cater to air navigation services and airport/engineering research.

Himachal Pradesh Government bans use of thermocol cutlery

The Himachal Pradesh government issued a fresh notification banning the use of thermocol cutlery across the state. The ban was announced by the state’s Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur on the occasion of the World Environment Day on June 5.

The government has issued fresh notification reiterating that no person including shopkeepers, vendors, wholesalers, retailers, hawkers, rehriwalas will use thermocol cutlery in any form manufactured from non-biodegradable material as listed in Schedule under Himachal Pradesh Non-Biodegradable Garbage (Control) Act, 1995.

Uttar Pradesh grants Revenue Status to 3 forest villages under FRA, 2006

The Uttar Pradesh Government in the first week of July 2018 granted Status of Revenue Village to three villages inhabited by the Tongia Scheduled Tribe in and around forests in Saharanpur district under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 (FRA). These villages are - Kaluwala, Sodhinagar and Bhagwatpur.

The granting of Revenue Status to villages means that these villages will now come under the revenue department instead of forest department. The Forest Rights Act, 2006 has a provision for turning forest villages into revenue villages so that civic facilities reach these areas.

CBIC launched GST 'Verify App'

Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has launched a mobile app 'GST Verify' developed by B Raghu Kiran, joint commissioner GST Hyderabad.

It is an android app to verify if the person collecting GST from the consumer is eligible to collect it or not.

INTERNATIONAL

US President Donald Trump nominates Brett Kavanaugh as Supreme Court Judge

US President Donald Trump nominated conservative Brett Kavanaugh as the Supreme Court Judge to succeed Justice Anthony Kennedy, who recently announced his retirement.

The announcement was made by President Trump during his prime time address to the nation from the White House.

The nomination of Judge Kavanaugh comes after a thorough and transparent selection process, involving the President's public disclosure of a list of 25 highly qualified potential judges for any vacancy in the Supreme Court.

Indian warship INS Trikand reaches Sri Lanka in Goodwill Visit

India's latest frontline warship INS Trikand has reached Sri Lanka in a goodwill visit.The Sri Lanka Navy ceremonially welcomed the state-of-the-art warship in accordance with naval traditions. Senior Indian officers, including Assistant Defence Adviser of the Indian High Commission in Sri Lanka - Lieutenant Colonel Ravi Shekhar Mishra - held discussions on matters of mutual interest with their Lankan counterparts. The ship's crew will play a friendly football match with the Sri Lanka Navy.

INS Trikand is a state-of-the-art warship of the Indian Navy equipped with a versatile range of weapons and sensors capable of addressing threats in all three dimensions - air, surface and sub-surface.

Mark Zuckerberg becomes the 3rd richest person in the world

According to Bloomberg, Facebook's 34-year-old CEO Mark Zuckerberg became the World's third-richest person with $81.6 billion wealth.

Amazon's Jeff Bezos remains the world's richest, while Microsoft's Bill Gates second-richest.

  • It's the first time that the three wealthiest people on the ranking made their fortunes from technology.
  • International Day of Cooperatives: 7th July

    On December 16, 1992, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed in resolution 47/90 "the first Saturday of July 1995 to be International Day of Cooperatives, marking the centenary of the establishment of the International Cooperative Alliance".

  • The theme for the 2018 International Day of Co-operatives is "sustainable consumption and production of goods and services".
  • Former Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif sentenced to 10 years in jail

    Former Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif sentenced to 10 years in jail. Mr. Sharif was disqualified as Prime Minister in July 2017 by the Supreme Court over the purchase of high-end properties in London, worth over £200 million.

    His daughter Maryam Nawaz was sentenced to seven years in jail and and son-in-law captain (retired) Safdar awarded one-year jail term.

    The court also imposed a fine of £8 million on Mr. Sharif and £2 million on Ms. Maryam.

    BUSINESS

    DoT okays merger of Idea, Vodafone

    The telecom ministry on Monday approved the merger of Vodafone India and Idea Cellular that will create the country’s largest mobile services operator.

    The department has asked Idea Cellular to pay ₹3,926 crore in cash for Vodafone’s spectrum and furnish a bank guarantee of ₹3,342 crore.

    The combined operations of Idea and Vodafone will create the country’s largest telecom operator worth more than $23 billion (or over ₹1.5 lakh crore), with a 35% market share and a subscriber base of about 430 million. The merger is expected to give a breather to both debt-ridden firms from competition in the market where margins have hit rock bottom. The combined debt of both firms is estimated to be about ₹1.15 lakh crore.

    India, South Korea sign 5 MoUs for cooperation in Science & Technology

    India and South Korea on July 9, 2018 signed five MoUs for cooperation in the field of Science & Technology.

    The MoUs were signed at the conclusion of the 4th India-Korea Science & Technology Ministers Steering Committee Meeting. The Korean delegation was led by South Korean President Moon Jae-in, who arrived in New Delhi on July 8, 2018 on a three-day visit.

    Both the sides reviewed bilateral S&T cooperation between the two countries since the last meeting of the Steering Committee at Seoul in November 2015.

    RBI Cancels Licence Of Alwar Urban Co-Operative Bank

    The Reserve Bank of India has announced that the licence of Alwar Urban Co-operative Bank in Alwar, Rajasthan has been cancelled as it is not in a position to pay its depositors in full as and when their claims accrue, among other reasons.

    The reasons for the cancellation of the licence were, the bank does not have adequate capital and earning prospects, and hence does not comply with the relevant provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

    Reliance Industries becomes India's largest taxpayer in the private sector

    Mukesh Ambani led Reliance Industries limited (RIL) is India's largest payer of Goods and Services Tax (GST), Excise and Customs Duty, and Income Tax in the private sector.

    RIL's consolidated net profit for the fourth-quarter (January-March) of fiscal 2017-18 stood at Rs. 9,435 crore, up by 17.3 per cent on a year-on-year basis.

    APPOINTMENT

    SC judge AK Goel appointed as New Chairman of National Green Tribunal

    Supreme Court judge Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel was appointed as the Chairman of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) for a period of 5 years.

    • He was the first Supreme Court judge from Haryana.
    • He replaces the acting chairperson Justice Jawad Rahim.
    • Justice Goel was appointed Supreme Court judge in July 2014.

    SPORTS

    Sreejesh to lead Indian hockey team at Asian Games 2018

    Indian goalkeeper PR Sreejesh will lead the 18-member Indian men's hockey squad while Chinglensana Singh Kangujam will serve as his deputy in the 18th Asian Games, which is slated to begin in Jakarta and Palembang from August 18.

    Bajrang Punia won gold medal at Tbilisi Grand Prix, Deepak won bronze

    Indian wrestler Bajrang Punia won the gold medal at Tbilisi Grand Prix in Georgia with a 9-3 win over Iran’s Mehran Akbar Nasiriafrachali in the 65kg category final.

    Deepak Punia won the bronze medal in the 86kg category by defeating Turkey’s Osman Gocen 5-3.

    Dipa Karmakar wins gold medal, Aruna Reddy had bagged a bronze

    Dipa Karmarkar from Tripura, who had finished fourth in vault event in the 2016 Rio Olympics, scored 14.150 to win gold in Turkey. She had topped the qualification also with a score of 13.400.

    Dipa Karmakar scripted history by becoming the second Indian gymnast to clinch a gold medal at a global event.

    Aruna Reddy had bagged a bronze at the World Cup Gymnastics Series event in Melbourne in February earlier in the year, finishing third in vault with a score of 13.649.

    Aruna had become the third Indian gymnast after Ashish Kumar and Dipa, who won bronze in the 2010 and 2014

    Deepika Kumari wins individual recurve gold at Salt Lake World Cup

    Archer Deepika Kumari won her first individual gold medal in six years at the Salt Lake World Cup following a 7-3 win over Germany’s Michelle Kroppen in the recurve final.

    The win ensured Deepika will represent the country at the season-ending Archery World Cup Final in Samsun, Turkey in October.

    In six appearances at the Archery World Cup, Deepika had come back with silver medals in 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2015 but this time she finally got the elusive yellow metal.

  • The last time she won a stage medal was back in 2015.
  • The last time she won at a stage event on the international circuit goes even further back to Antalya in 2012.
  • LIFE

    Seven new wasp species discovered in Amazon forests

    Researchers have discovered seven new wasp species belonging to the genus Clistopyga from Peru, Venezuela and Colombia

  • The Amazon rainforests continue to throw up surprises, and this time it’s a slightly scary one.
  • The most notable among them is Clistopyga crassicaudata, named after its distinctly thickened ovipositor. The ovipositor is a tube-like organ present in many insects that helps in laying eggs and also in injecting venom. “What makes it [Clistopyga crassicaudata] especially interesting, is the size of the ovipositor. It is the only species of the species-group with a strongly widened ovipositor (apically),” Ilari E. Sääksjärvi, Professor in Biodiversity Research at the University of Turku, Finland.

    The other new species include C.kalima, C. panchei and C. taironae, named in honour of Kalimas, Panches and Toiranas, indigenous tribe groups of Colombo. Another species was named C. nigriventri, indicating its entirely black body, and another C. splendida because of its multicoloured body. The seventh species, which has white and brown body, was named C.isayae in honour of the wife of Francisco Díaz, one of the authors of the paper.

    India Smart Cities Fellowship Program

    • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) will engage 30 young graduates/post graduates and PhDs from the selected fields as Smart Cities Fellows.
    • The fields are Urban Planning, Urban Design, Engineering, Information and Technology, Urban Mobility, Finance, Social Sector, and Environmental issues.
    • They engage with office of mission director, Smart Cities and CEOs of selected Smart Cities for the period of 1-year extendable upto 3 years.
    • It is designed to provide valuable experience to the youth interested in smart cities specifically, and urban renewal sector in general.

    India Smart Cities Internship (ISCI) Program

    • MoHUA will engage students pursuing Under Graduate/Graduate/Post Graduate degree as Interns to help implementation of Smart City Projects in various States/Cities.
    • The internship will be on unpaid basis for a period of 6 to 12 weeks.
    • It is designed to give them exposure in the areas of development under Smart cities Mission.
    • The areas include Urban Planning, Urban Design, Engineering, Information and Technology, Urban Mobility, Finance, Social Sector, and Environmental issues.
    • They will be given an Experience Certificate at the end successful completion of the program.

    Kepler Telescope

    • NASA has recently revealed that the Kepler Space Telescope is almost out of fuel and decided it to put the spacecraft in a hibernation-like state.
    • The Kepler telescope was originally launched in 2009 as part of NASA’s Discovery Program.
    • It is an observatory in space dedicated to finding planets outside our solar system.
    • It targets particularly alien planets that are around the same size as Earth in the “habitable” regions of their parent star.
    • Since 2009, it has discovered extra-solar planets in the range between the size of Earth and Neptune.
    • Most of these planets were discovered in a small region of the constellation Cygnus.
    • Kepler was the first telescope to find a planet (Kepler-69c) approximately the size of Earth in the habitable region of a star.
    • It examined the TRAPPIST-1 system which likely has multiple Earth-sized planets in it between December 2016 and March 2017.
    • It was approved far beyond its original mission length and was operating well until May 2013, when a second of its four reaction wheels or gyroscopes failed.

    Common Service Centre

    • The Common Service Center (CSC) Scheme is an integral part of “Digital India” initiative of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
    • CSCs are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages.
    • In addition to it, CSCs promote rural entrepreneurship, community participation and collective action for social change.
    • CSC e-Governance Services India Limited is a Special Purpose Vehicle (CSC SPV) incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 to monitor the implementation of the Common Services Centers Scheme.
    • Village Level Entrepreneur (VLE) under CSCs provide service to the rural consumer in villages.
    • Recent development – CSC SPV has entered into agreement with HDFC Bank.
    • This is to enable its three lakh Village Level Entrepreneurs (VLEs) managing the Common Services Centers operate  as Banking Correspondents of HDFC Bank.
    • They will support the Government initiative to promote financial inclusion and make banking services more accessible in rural areas.
    • HDFC Bank will support CSC SPV in converting 1000 identified villages into Digital Villages within this financial year.

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