Current Affairs, 11 June 2018 Exam View - From The Hindu and PIB

Current Affair of 11 June 2018. Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam

Current Affair 11 June 2018

NATIONAL

8 States to implement ‘Ayushman Bharat’

  • Eight States and four Union Territories have signed MoUs with the Union Health Ministry to implement the government’s ambitious national health protection mission — Ayushman Bharat.
  • Ayushman Bharat aims to provide a cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family annually to 10 crore vulnerable families.
  • The scheme will be available at the point of service in public and private empanelled hospitals.

Northern Railways to monitor cleanliness of its trains using WhatsApp

Northern Railways will now monitor cleanliness of its trains using WhatsApp groups supervised by senior officials. According to Northern Railway General Manager every department, be it pantry, bed rolls etc will have separate WhatsApp groups, in which status report of cleanliness will be uploaded on a daily basis.

He said, to keep the station area and tracks clean, 4,415 bio-toilets have been fitted in coaches in 2017-2018 against a target of 4,000 and 6,000 more will be fitted in 2018-2019 to cover all NR coaches. The GM informed that there is a target of installing CCTVs in 340 coaches - 265 in Delhi and 75 in Ferozpur divisions for online monitoring of cleanliness and safety.

India is the second highest sender of foreign students in US.

A consulate statement quoted the Open Doors Reports of 2017 to state that Indians comprised approximately 17 percent of the total number of international students and over the past five years there has been a 85 percent increase in the number of Indian students studying in the United States.

  • India is the second highest sender of foreign students in the US, next only to China.
  • Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman hails services of Gramin Dak Sevaks

    Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman hailed the services of Gramin Dak Sevaks who have recently been given wage revision and other benefits. She will convey their(Gramin Dak Sevaks) other demands like pension to Union Minister.

    INTERNATIONAL

    India, Uzbekistan review bilateral ties

    • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 10 met Uzbekistan President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on the sidelines of the SCO Summit.
    • The two leaders reviewed the full range of bilateral ties, especially ways to boost economic and cultural links.
    • India and Uzbekistan are set to route their trade through the Iranian port of Chabahar.

    India, China to set up new mechanism

    • India and China have decided to set up a new “people to people mechanism” to build on the momentum in bilateral ties from the Wuhan Summit.
    • The decision to step up people to people contacts was announced by Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale.
    • It will be headed on the Indian side by the External Affairs Minister and on the Chinese side by the State Council and Foreign Minster.

    BUSINESS

    Industry expects close to 8% GDP growth over next two years: CII

    Industry is expecting the GDP to grow by close to 8 per cent over the next couple of years, as strong reforms process and fiscal prudence have laid a solid foundation for growth, CII said in a report.

    "The economy is in a sweet spot right now as the adjustment process regarding major reforms of the past few years is largely stabilised and industry is ready for a fresh phase of investment while capacity utilization builds up".

    A CEOs (chief executive officers) opinion poll showed that 82 per cent of them expect GDP (gross domestic product) growth to be higher than 7 per cent for the year 2018-19, with 10 per cent of them expecting growth to be above 7.5 per cent.

  • CII said Rs 50,000 crore worth of investments have been recently announced.
  • SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    NASA rover data shows Mars had organic compounds, methane

    Curiosity rover has detected a bonanza of organic compounds on the surface of Mars and seasonal fluctuations of atmospheric methane.

    The findings released on June 7, mark some of the strongest evidence ever that Earth's neighbour may have harbored life.

    NASA scientists emphasized there could be nonbiological explanations for both discoveries made by the Curiosity rover at a site called Gale crater, leaving the issue of Martian life a tantalizing but unanswered question.

    Three different types of organic molecules were discovered when the rover dug just 5 cm into roughly 3.5 billion-year-old mudstone, a fine-grained sedimentary rock, at Gale crater, apparently the site of a large lake when ancient Mars was warmer and wetter than the desolate planet.

    Milky Way disc much bigger than thought.

    It would take us 2,00,000 years to cross the disc of our galaxy if we could travel at the speed of light, say scientists who found that the disc of the Milky Way is bigger than thought.

    Spiral galaxies, such as the Milky Way, have discs which are really thin, in which the major fraction of their stars are found. These discs are limited in size, so that beyond certain radius there are very few stars left.

    In our Milky way Galaxy, we were not aware that there are stars in the disc at distances from the centre more than twice that of the Sun. This means that our own star was apparently orbiting at about half the galactic radius.

  • “The disc of our Galaxy is huge, around 200 thousand light years in diameter”
  • In broad terms we can think of galaxies like the Milky Way as being composed of a rotating disc, which includes spiral arms, and a halo, spherical in shape, which surrounds it.

    India to soon start producing first indigenous Lithium-Ion batteries

    India will soon start producing first indigenous Lithium Ion batteries. A memorandum of understanding for transfer of technology for India’s first Lithium Ion (Li-ion) Battery project was signed between CSIR’s Central Electro Chemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu and RAASI Solar Power Pvt Ltd.

    The indigenous technology of Lithium-ion cells has been developed by a group of CSIR-CECRI headed by Dr Gopu Kumar in partnership with other Laboratory and Research Institute.

    LIFE

    Bodhisena

    • The oldest documented Indian resident in Japan, and arguably the most influential, was Bodhisena.
    • He was a monk from Madurai, Tamil Nadu.
    • His outsized impact on Japanese culture persists even some 1,300 years after he docked on the archipelago’s shores.
    • Bodhisena came to believe that Manjushri (the bodhisattva of wisdom) lived on the Chinese mountain of Wutai, and therefore travelled there to pay obeisance.
    • He was also called Bodaisenna.
    • In China, he met the Japanese ambassador to the Tang court, who persuaded him to carry on to Japan on the invitation of the then Emperor, Shomu (701-756 AD), a devout Buddhist.
    • The Indian monk taught Sanskrit and helped establish the Kegon school of Buddhism, a variant of the Chinese Huayan school.
    • He died in 760 AD and is buried in Ryusenji-temple on the slopes of Mt. Omine.
    • The Kegon continues to flourish with its headquarters at Nara’s Todai-ji temple, a UNESCO World Heritage site.
    • Buttetsu, a disciple of Bodhisena from Champa taught a style of dance that featured themes taken from Indian mythology, set to a musical rhythm, common in South Asia, but unknown at the time in Japan.
    • These dances became known as rinyugaku and were absorbed into the local artistic oeuvre.

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