Current Affair of 13 May 2018. Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam
Committee to review conduct of everyday business in Rajya Sabha
Vice President of India and the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, Venkaiah Naidu has constituted a 2-member committee to review rules of procedure and conduct of business in Rajya Sabha.
- The two-member committee will be headed by Former Rajya Sabha Secretary General- V.K. Agnihotri, while the other member will be Former Joint Secretary in the Union Ministry of Law and Justice- S.R. Dhaleta.
- The committee will review the rules of procedure for conduct of business as a whole.
- Although it will also focus on provisions, which seem inadequate vis-a-vis rules in Lok Sabha.
- The committee has to submit its report to Chairman of Upper House in three months.
Railways to pay compensation if person dies
Death or injury caused while boarding or de-boarding a train will entitle a person to compensation from the railways, the Supreme Court has held.
The judgment also held that mere presence of a body on the railway premises would not be conclusive to hold that the injured or deceased was a bona fide passenger for which a claim for compensation could be maintained. However, mere absence of ticket with such injured or deceased would not negate the claim that he or she was a bona fide passenger.
The railways had argued that it was already paying approximately ₹350 crore as compensation. There are 68,000 km of railway tracks which are porous/unmanned, resulting in untoward incidents for which liability ought not to be fastened on the railways without valid proof of its liability.
Supreme Court Reserves Verdict On The Aadhar
A five-judge bench of the Supreme Court reserved its verdict on a bunch of petitions, led by ex high court judge K Puttaswamy, challenging the constitutional validity of Aadhaar on the ground that it violated citizens’ right to privacy.
- The Supreme Court reserved its verdict on petitions challenging the Constitutional validity of the 2016 Aadhaar Act, which lasted for 38 working days spread over four months.
- This was the second longest oral hearing in the history of the Supreme Court.
- The first being the landmark Kesavananda Bharati case in which the apex court in 1973 outlined the basic structure of the Constitution.
Pawan Kalyan unfurls ‘largest’ Indian flag
Actor-turned-politician and Jana Sena Party founder Pawan Kalyan unfurled the national flag in Hyderabad, claimed to be the world’s largest Indian tricolour, to commemorate the first war of the country’s independence that took place in 1857.
- The flag, measuring 183 feet in length and 122 feet in breadth, was unfurled by Tollywood actor and Jana Sena party president Pawan Kalyan.
- The flag is prepared by an organisation called ‘Vibrants of Kalam’.
Arunachal’s biggest solar plant inagurated
The biggest ever solar power plant of the state was formally inaugurated by chief minister Pema Khandu in the presence of power minister Tamiyo Taga at Energy Awareness Park.
- The plant, with a capacity of one megawatt, was commissioned on April 1 at an estimated investment of Rs 8.50 crore.
- With the commissioning of the solar plant, import of energy from other states will reduce considerably.
Government to expand Buddhist tourism circuit to 21 more states.
EARLIER envisaged by the government as mainly comprising seven major Buddhist pilgrimage sites, in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, the ‘Buddhist Circuit’ will now be expanded to 21 other states.
The ministry also plans to involve the private sector in building tourism infrastructure pertaining to the circuit, with Alphons pointing out that “huge money” is required. To showcase Buddhist heritage and pilgrim sites in India, the government organises the International Buddhist Conclave every alternate year. In 2016, the conclave was held in Sarnath, where delegates from 39 countries participated.
Gujarat-Poland Sign MoU on Organizing Independence Centenary
- The department of youth and cultural affairs of the Gujarat government will be co-organisers for the centenary celebrations to mark the independence of Poland in Delhi and other parts of the world.
- An MoU was signed in this regard between the Gujarat government and the Poland government. The MoU was signed by Polish ambassador to India Adam Burakowski and principal secretary of youth and cultural affairs department V P Patel.
PM Modi Leaves for 2-Day Visit to Nepal
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has left on a two day State visit to Nepal to take forward the issues of mutual interest and partnership across diverse sectors. This is Mr Modi’s third visit to Nepal as Prime Minister.
Activities Planned during the Visit-
- Both the leaders will jointly lay the foundation stone for Arun 3 hydropower project.
- PM Modi visited historic Janaki, Mukhtinath and Pashupatinath temples.
- Both the prime ministers will inaugurate Janakpur-Ayodhya bus service and the inclusion of Janakpur in Ramayana circuit.
World’s second oldest rock is from Odisha
- A rock sample was recovered nearly eight years ago from Champua in Odisha’s Kendujhar district.
- Scientists have found in the rock a grain of magmatic zircon (a mineral that contains traces of radioactive isotopes).
- It is an estimated to be around 4,240 million years old — a discovery of great promise to study the earth’s early years.
Mahathir Mohamad sworn in as Malaysia’s PM
- Mahathir Mohamad has been sworn in as the Prime Minister of Malaysia again after a shock election victory.
- Mahathir’s coalition defeated the governing Barisan Nasional coalition, led by PM Najib Razak, which has been in power for more than 60 yrs.
- The victory capped a dramatic comeback for Mahathir, who ruled the country for 22 yrs.
- 92 year old, Mahathir becomes the oldest PM in the world.
Iraq helolds first election since IS defeat
- Iraq has begun voting for its 1st parliamentary election since declaring victory over the Islamic State group.
- Haider al-Abadi who has been the PM of Iraq since 2014 is angling for a new term, claiming credit for defeating the jihadists.
- Iraq has been struggling to find a formula for stability since a US-led invasion toppled dictator Saddam Hussein in 2003.
China’s Alibaba Buys Pakistan e-Commerce Firm Daraz
i. Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba had purchased leading Pakistani online retailer ‘Daraz’, continuing its overseas expansion by gaining a foothold in the growing South Asian consumer market.
ii. China is seeking closer economic ties with Asian neighbours including Pakistan through its Belt and Road initiative, a strategy to increase trade links that are led primarily by infrastructure projects.
Indian Tea Industry Records Highest Ever Production, Export in FY18
i. Indian tea industry has recorded the highest ever production as well as exports in FY18. The total tea production was 1325.05 million kgs, an increase of 74.56 million kgs as compared to 2016-17. In percentage terms, the increase is around 6%.
ii. Similarly, the total quantity of tea exported during the financial year 2017-18 stood at 256.57 million kgs, while the foreign exchange realized from exports of Indian tea was $ 785.92 million.
iii. The growth in exports was majorly driven by the following countries: Egypt (increased by 7.49 million kgs), Iran (increased by 6.95 million kgs), Pakistan (increased by 4.96 million kgs), China (increased by 2.91 million kgs) and Russia (increased by 2.89 million kgs).
SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY
India’s First Li-ion Charger
- President Ram Nath Kovind unveiled India’s first, indigenous lithium-ion battery charger, developed by Ampere Vehicles in New Delhi.
- The lithium-Ion charger project is supported by Technology Development Board of the Ministry of Science and Technology as part of the Make-in-India initiative.
- The unveiling event took place on the occasion of National Technology Day.
NASA to fly a helicopter on Mars
- NASA will send a small helicopter to Mars, in the first test of a heavier-than-air aircraft on another planet.
- The Mars helicopter will be bundled with the US space agency’s Mars rover when it launches in 2020.
- The helicopter is specifically designed to fly in the atmosphere of Mars, which is 100 times thinner than Earth’s.
i. The California-based aerospace company, SpaceX has blasted off its most powerful Falcon 9 rocket, which is certified to carry humans to space later this year. ii. The Block 5 Falcon 9 rocket’s main goal for its maiden mission is to propel the first high-orbit communications satellite for Bangladesh, called Bangabandhu Satellite-1.
Indian judokas win 3 medals
- Indian judokas won 3 medals on the opening day of Asian Cadet Judo Championships in Lebanon.
- Rohini S Mohite from Maharashtra won a gold medal in the 40kg category while Tababi Devi Thanjam of Manipur emerged as a champion in the 44kg category.
- India has sent a 40-member team for the 12th Asian Cadet Judo Championships.
Book Release By Chief of Army Staff
General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Army the Staff released the book ‘Across the Bench – Insight into the Indian Military Judicial System’ by Lt Gen Gyan Bhushan, former Army Commander and Member ‘A’, Armed Forces Tribunal, Lucknow Bench. ii. The book deals with military judicial system vis-a-vis command and management issues within the military establishments.
International Nurses Day: 12 May
i. International Nurses Day (IND) is celebrated every year all around the world on 12th of May to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Florence Nightingale and to mark the nurse’s contributions towards people’s health.
- This year the theme of the day is ‘Nurses: A voice to lead – Health is a Human Right’.
- It was first celebrated by ICN in the year 1965.
National Maha Bal Panchayat
- Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi conducted the 4th National Maha Bal Panchayat elections at his Bal Ashram, Viratnagar in Jaipur.
- The idea is to ensure children’s role in local governance.
- The Maha Bal Panchayat will work for
- basic infrastructure in schools
- school teacher appointment
- monitoring for regular attendance
- preventing cases of early child marriage
- facilitating links to several social welfare schemes
Tiny fossil shells- clue to ancient climate
- Scientists have discovered tiny fossil shells that unveil details about the Earth’s climate over half a billion years ago.
- The hard-bodied fossils that the scientists used in their study belong to animal groups which were the first organisms to produce shells.
- The research suggests that early animals diversified within a climate similar to that in which the dinosaurs lived.
- The time interval to which this fossil belongs is known for the ‘Cambrian explosion’.
- It is the time during which representatives of most of the major animal groups first appear in the fossil record.
- Analyses of the oxygen isotopes of these fossils suggested very warm temperatures for high latitude seas.
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