Exam View: 27 April 2018 Current Affairs

Current Affair of 27 April 2018, Exam View.


Current Affair 27 April 2018
NATIONAL

NITI Aayog launched Atal New India Challenge

The Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) of the NITI Aayog recently announced to launch the Atal New India Challenges, which came into being following Prime Minister's clarion call to bring innovations and technologies relevant to the people.

NITI Aayog launched Atal New India Challenge

Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog, Dr Rajiv Kumar highlighted the need to ensure inclusive and innovative solutions

This initiative will focus our efforts towards solving problems in core areas, which would have a direct impact on improving lives of our citizens and will also generate employment. The topics placed in different phases are aligned with India's needs and through the support of innovation, we are ready to make a giant leap towards a New India.

Under the Atal New India Challenge.

  1. Climate-smart agriculture
  2. Fog vision system for road and rail
  3. Prevention of Rail failure using emerging technologies
  4. Predictive maintenance of Rolling Stock
  5. Alternate fuel based transportation
  6. Smart Mobility
  7. Electric Mobility
  8. Safe transport
  9. Instant Portable Water Quality Testing
  10. Affordable Desalination / Recycling Technology
  11. Waste management recycling / reuse
  12. Garbage composition devices
  13. Quality of compost
  14. Decentralized composting
  15. Mixing blades for composting
  16. Waste in public spaces
  17. Dissuading public littering

The programme is open to Indian companies registered under the Companies Act 1956/2013, primarily a Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) as defined in the MSMED Act, 2006. It is also open to Start-Ups, as defined by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Government or private R&D organizations (other than a Railway R&D organization), academic institutions, academicians, or even individual innovators are encouraged to apply, provided they partner with entities with appropriate manufacturing capabilities.

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Gauri became Brand Ambassador for Haryana

Shooter Gauri Sheoran made brand ambassador for Haryana's health programmes

The Haryana government has appointed international shooter Gauri Sheoran the brand ambassador for its two health-related programmes.

Gauri Brand Ambassador

Sheoran has also been named the brand ambassador for Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK), an initiative aimed at covering defects at birth, deficiencies, diseases, and development delays including disability.

Gauri Sheoran, daughter of Haryana IAS officer Jagdeep Singh, had won gold in the 7th World University Shooting Championship held in Kuala Lumpur in March.

The decision was announced by Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar at the launch of the measles-rubella (MR) vaccination campaign.

Immunization services had been improved considerably in the state as a result of which "Haryana has brought down its infant mortality rate by 6 points - from 43 per 1000 in 2016 to 37 per 1000 live births.

Under the RBSK, the target beneficiaries are children enrolled in government and government-aided schools and anganwadi centres (AWCs). As many as 13.9 lakh children have availed treatment services under the RBSK.

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Cabinate approve:

MSP for Raw Jute

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister has given its approval for the increase in the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for Raw Jute.
  • The increased MSP is based on recommendations of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices.
  • The Jute Corporation of India will be the Central Nodal Agency to undertake price support operations at MSP in the Jute growing states.

Cabinet nod to BRICS pact on medical products

  • The government approved the pact with medicine regulatory agencies of BRICS nations on cooperation in the field of regulation of medical products.
  • The MoU would facilitate better understanding about the regulatory aspects between the parties and could help in increasing India’s export of medical products to BRICS.
  • The approval was given by the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister.

Cabinet approves Schedules Areas in Rajasthan

  • Cabinet approved inclusion of some areas in Rajasthan under the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution so that the tribals living there can avail benefit of protective measures under its provisions.
  • The Cabinet revoked the Constitution order (CO) dated February 12, 1981 and promulgated a new CO.
  • No additional funds are required as to be expended on account of the declaration of Scheduled Areas.

Indu Malhotra to be sworn in as Supreme Court judge, the first woman to make it from Bar

Senior advocate Indu Malhotra would be administered oath of office by Chief Justice Dipak Misra tomorrow morning at the Supreme Court, making her the first woman lawyer to enter the top judiciary directly.

Indu Malhotra

61-year old Malhotra's name, cleared by the government, was one of the two recommended by the collegium to be elevated to the apex court bench.

Her name was approved by the SC collegium on January 10, with a resolution of the apex court saying, "In our considered opinion, at present, Indu Malhotra, senior advocate, is eminently suitable for being appointed as a Judge in the Supreme Court."

She was appointed as the standing counsel for Haryana in the apex court from 1991 to 1996.

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INTERNATIONAL

India, Malaysia to hold military exercise

The Indian and Malaysian armies will hold a two-week military exercise beginning April 30 in Malaysia as part of efforts to bolster defence cooperation.

The joint exercise 'Harimau Shakti' will take place in the dense forests of Sengai Perdik in Hulu Langat district of Malaysia, the Defence Ministry said.

This is the first instance wherein a joint training exercise of this magnitude involving Indian and Malaysian soldiers is being organized on Malaysian soil.

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MoU between India and Sao Tome and Principe

The Union Cabinet Chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its ex-post facto approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Sao Tome and Principe on cooperation in the field of Medicinal Plants. The MoU was signed on 14.03.2018.

Background

India is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity, having 15 agro-climatic zones. Out of the 17000-18000 species of flowering plants, more than 7000 are estimated to have medicinal usage in folk and documented systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha & Homoeopathy (AYUSH System of Medicine).

About 1178 species of medicinal plants are estimated to be in trade of which 242 species have annual consumption levels in excess of 100 metric tonnes/year. Medicinal plants are not only a major resource base for the traditional medicine & herbal industry but also provide livelihood and health security to a large segment of Indian population. There is global resurgence in traditional and alternative health care systems resulting in world herbal trade which stands at US$ 120 billion and is expected to reach US$ 7 trillion by 2050. Moreover, there are a large number of medicinal plants, particularly those found in tropical region, which are common to the two countries given similar geo-climatic factors.

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BUSINESS

India to grow at 7.4 percent in 2018, says IMF

The International Monetary Fund, IMF has said that India is expected to grow at 7(point)4 percent in 2018 and 7(point)8 percent in 2019 and would re-emerge as one of the fastest growing major economies in the period.

The world agency said India will leave its nearest rival China which will grow at 6.6 in 2018 and 6.4 percent in 2019.

IMF said, two major economic reforms, demonetisation and GST, resulted in a slightly lower growth rate of 6.7 percent in 2017. It said that India's projected growth provide some offset to China's gradual slowdown.

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SPORTS

Cricketers Shikhar Dhawan, Smriti Mandhana recommended for Arjuna awards

The BCCI recommended India opener Shikhar Dhawan and women’s team player Smriti Mandhana for the Arjuna award.

The 32-year-old Dhawan is presently playing in the Indian Premier League (IPL) for Sunrisers Hyderabad and has been a regular across all three formats for India. Ever since a debut Test hundred against Australia in 2013, Dhawan has been a crucial cog in the Indian batting line-up.

The 21-year-old Mandhana had played a key role in India reaching the final of the ICC Women’s World Cup in England last year. Her prolific run this year has seen her grab a career-high fourth position in the ICC women’s rankings.

In nine innings, Mandhana amassed 531 runs including five half-centuries, in the recent home series against England.

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LIFE

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0

  • The second stage of the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan was launched recently.
  • It is a flagship program of the Ministry of Human Resources Development, with the intention to enrich Rural India.
  • It aims to create a vibrant relationship between the society and the higher educational institutes.
  • It is aimed at making higher education institutions provide solutions to problems of villages.
Unnat Bharat
  • Providing the knowledge and technology support to improve the livelihoods in rural areas and upgrading the capabilities of both the public and private organizations in the society are the means.
  • Both technical and non-technical institutions have been invited to build systems in villages as per their strengths.
  • IIT Delhi has been designated to function as the National Coordinating Institute for this program.
  • Each selected institute would adopt a cluster of villages / panchayats and gradually expand the outreach over a period of time.
  • The key points include

Bhabha Kavach

  • Bhabha Kavach is an armour panel, which gives personal protection against bullets, of different threat levels.
  • It is developed by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).
  • The jacket was developed at BARC’s Trombay centre in response to a request from the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • It was named after nuclear physicist Dr. Homi J. Bhabha.
  • It is not only cheaper but also much lighter.
  • It is made of boron carbide and carbon nanotube polymer composite.
  • BARC has been using boron carbide in the control rods of its nuclear reactors.
  • It weighs just 6.6 kg in comparison to the 17-kg jackets in use, and use of boron carbide for jacket is the first in India.
  • The imported jacket costs Rs 1.5 Lakhs whereas Bhabha Kavach will cost Rs 60,000-70,000.
  • BARC has transferred the technology of Bhabha Kavach to Mishra Dhatu Nigam, Hyderabad, for its large-scale production.

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