Exam View: 13 April 2018 Current Affairs

Current Affair of 13 April 2018, Exam View.


Current Affair 13 April 2018
NATIONAL

World’s largest solar park to come up in Gujarat

Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani today approved setting up a 5,000 MW capacity solar park at the Dholera Special Investment Region (SIR), which would be the largest such entity in the world after its completion.

The proposed solar power generation project would be set up in 11,000 hectares of land with an investment of Rs 25,000 crore, said an official release.

It will also target of central government producing 175 gigawatts of electricity through renewable energy sources by 2022.

FSSAI launches initiative to address Vitamin D deficiency

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) recently launched 'Project Dhoop', an initiative aimed at shifting the school assembly time to noon to ensure maximum absorption of Vitamin D in students through natural sunlight.

FSSAI launches initiative to address Vitamin D deficiency

The project was launched at National Bal Bhavan, New Delhi and saw participation of around 600 students from NCERT, NDMC and North MCD Schools.

Project Dhoop's Noon Assembly is an innovative and effective concept to ensure that school students get adequate Vitamin D through sunlight, while also opting to choose food products like milk and edible oils that are fortified with Vitamins A and D

Need of Project?

Studies have shown that over 90 percent of boys and girls across the country were deficient in Vitamin D while the number ranged between 90-97 percent for school children in Delhi,

IIT Delhi has set up first 5G Lab

IIT-Delhi (IIT-D) has set up a radio lab with an array of antennas for "standardisation, research and manufacturing" of 5G equipment.

In an effort to establish India as a key global player in the standardisation, research and development and manufacturing of 5G equipment, a Massive MIMO radio laboratory has been setup at IIT Delhi and will be inaugurated on April 13(today). This will be the first such lab in India.

In Massive MIMO, several antennas are deployed at the base station as compared to only a few antennas in 3G/4G. This large antenna array at the base station allows the network to communicate reliably with a very large number of mobile terminals simultaneously at the same time and on the same frequency channel.

The large antenna array also improves system power efficiency, as the mobile terminals will now be required to radiate ten times lesser power than in 3G/4G systems. This, in turn, reduces interference to other radio systems and also reduces possible effects of exposure to radiation on our health,

New Delhi’s IGI Airport ranked 16th in the list of 20 Busiest airports in the world

New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGI Airport) has now become one of the 20 busiest airports in the world for the year 2017 in terms of traffic volumes.

INTERNATIONAL

Index of Economic Freedom 2018: India ranks 130th.

What is Index of Economic Freedom?

The Index of Economic Freedom is an annual index and ranking created by The Heritage Foundation and The Wall Street Journal to measure the degree of economic freedom in the world's nations.

Economical Freedom

India has jumped 13 places in the last one year to earn 130th spot in the latest annual Index of Economic Freedom released by a top American think-tank.

  • In 2017, India with a score of 52.6 points was ranked at 143 among 180 countries, two spots below neighbour Pakistan, according to the Index of Economic Freedom.
  • India's economic freedom score is 54.5, making its economy the 130th freest in the 2018 Index, the Heritage Foundation report.
  • Its overall score has increased by 1.9 points, led by improvements in judicial effectiveness, business freedom, government integrity, and fiscal health.
  • India is ranked 30th among 43 countries in the Asia Pacific region, and its overall score is below the regional and world averages.

Economic liberalisation measures, including industrial deregulation, privatisation of state-owned enterprises and reduced controls on foreign trade and investment, that began in the early 1990s.

"Corruption, underdeveloped infrastructure, a restrictive and burdensome regulatory environment, and poor financial and budget management continue to undermine overall development"

India signs MoU with World Expo 2020 Dubai

India and World Expo 2020 signed participants’ contract recently for India’s pavilion in the World Expo 2020 which will be held in Dubai.

  • The contract provides for the setting up of India’s pavilion at Expo 2020 on an extra large plot of about one acre in the ‘Opportunity’ segment.
  • Focus will be given to India’s advances in Space, Pharma, IT, Renewable Energy and Telecom sectors at the pavilion.
  • The pavilion will be developed in public-private partnership mode.
  • Moreover, leading industries and businesses will work in tune with the Central government and State governments to participate in India’s pavilion.

Various state governments, ministries and major industry associations and businesses have shown their interest in participating in the World Expo 2020 which will be held for six months beginning in October 2020.

Cabinet approves Host country Agreement between India and ISA.

SPORTS

Kohli and Mithali voted world’s best

Indian captains Virat Kohli and Mithali Raj were named as the leading men’s and women’s cricketers in the world respectively by Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack.

Kohli won his award for the second year in a row after again starring in all formats, while Raj was acknowledged after a year in which she became the leading run-scorer in women’s One-Day Internationals during India’s run to the World Cup final.

CWG: 2018

Indian wrestlers bagged 2 Gold, 1 Silver and 1 Bronze medal on the opening day of their competitions.

  • The Gold medals were won by veteran Olympian Sushil Kumar in the 74 kg category and Rahul Aware in 57 kgs.
  • In the Women's 53 kg category, Babita Kumari claimed the Silver after she lost to Canada's Diana Weicker
  • Kiran clinched the Bronze in the 76 kg division
  • In Shooting, India's Tejaswini Sawant bagged a Silver in the Women's 50-metre Rifle Prone event
  • In Badminton, PV Sindhu and Kidambi Srikanth secured a quarterfinal berth after winning their respective Round-of-16 matches.
  • Srikanth, who won the Mixed Team Gold in the ongoing Games, he has now become world number one in the Men's ranking. He is the first Indian male shuttler to achieve the feat and the second Indian overall after Saina Nehwal.
LIFE

Jaw fossil belonging to monstrous marine reptile found on US beach

A jawbone fossil found on US' rocky English beach belongs to one of the biggest marine animals on record, a type of seagoing reptile called an ichthyosaur that scientists estimated at up to 85 feet (26 meters) long - approaching the size of a blue whale.

Jaw Fossil

Scientists discoverd, ichthyosaur, which appears to be the largest marine reptile ever discovered, lived 205 million years ago at the end of the Triassic Period.

Ichthyosaur dominating the oceans just as dinosaurs were becoming the undisputed masters on land.

The bone, called a surangular, was part of its lower jaw, was of a length of 69 feet (21 meters) long that means this bone belongs to a gaint.

The researchers estimated the new ichthyosaur at 66 to 85 feet long (20 to 26 meters).

It appears to have belonged to an ichthyosaur group called shastasaurids. Because the remains are so incomplete, it is unclear whether it represents a new ichthyosaur genus or is a member of a previously identified genus, said paleontologist Judy Massare of the State University of New York College at Brockport.

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