Current Affair of 18 March 2018, Exam View.
Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
Maternity benefits are available to all pregnant women and lactating mothers under the Pradhan Mantri Matra Vandana Yojna (PMMVY). It does not include women who are regular employees in Central or State Government or Public Sector Undertakings.
- Apart from these, women availing similar benefits under any applicable law at this time will also not get the benefit of this scheme.
- The objectives of this plan are to:
- Partial compensation as a cash incentive amount for the reduction in the salary of a pregnant woman, so that the woman can rest adequately before and after the birth of the first child.
- Cash awareness will increase the awareness of health in pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- The guidelines for implementation of this scheme, the software to start the scheme, namely Prime Minister Mata Vandana Yojana, General Application Software (PMMVY-CAS) and its manual was launched on September 1, 2017.
- PMMVY is being implemented in collaboration with the State Governments.
- Under the PMMVY, 5000 rupees are given to all eligible beneficiaries and the remaining amount is given after institutional delivery in accordance with the conditions of maternity benefits under the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Thus, on an average, a woman gets Rs 6,000.
Rising India Summit
Rising India Summit held in New Delhi on 16th and 17th March 2018. Summit was organised by Network 18.
Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems (ASICS) 2017
- The survey was carried out by the NGO Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy.
- It broadly looks at urban planning and design, capacity and resources of Urban Local Bodies, the degree of empowerment of the civic body, and processes for transparency and citizen participation.
- The survey uses 150 parameters to judge 23 cities, which has placed Pune at the top and Bangalore at the bottom of the rankings.
- Under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation or Smart City program, Surat, Ahmedabad and Pune shored up revenues and implemented better auditing.
- The reasons behind Bengaluru’s low rank are lack of citizen’s charter, low per-capita expenditure and absence of sanitation plans.
A report on Impact of Climate Change
- A recent report in Climate Change journal cautions that up to half the species in 33 biodiverse areas, including Amazon and Madagascar are at risk of localized extinction within decades due to global warming.
- The 33 biodiverse areas host some of the world’s richest and most unusual terrestrial species, including iconic, endangered, or endemic plants and animals.
- Spatially, the regions include southern Chile, the eastern Himalayas, South Africa’s Fynbos ecoregion, Borneo, Sumatra, the Namibian desert, West Africa, southwest Australia, coastal east Africa, and southern Africa’s Miombo Woodlands.
- It also states that limiting warming to 2 C would enable many species to continue inhabiting the areas they currently occupy.
- Extinction is not simply about the disappearance of species but about profound changes to ecosystems that provide vital services to hundreds of millions of people.
Jack fruit to be Kerala’s state fruit
After the state animal(Indian Elephant), bird (Great hornbill
), flower(Golden shower tree
) and fish(Green chromide), Kerala is all set to get its “official fruit” now. And it is none other than the jackfruit, the largest tree borne fruit known for its distinctive taste and aroma.
The state government will make an official declaration in this regard on March 21, based on a proposal of the Agriculture Department. And also plans to promote the ‘Kerala Jack fruit’ as a brand in markets across the country and abroad, highlighting its organic and nutritious qualities.
- Kerala is all set to declare jackfruit as its “official fruit”. The jackfruit is the largest tree-borne fruit known for its distinctive taste and aroma.
- The state government will make an official declaration in this regard on March 21, 2018.
- The government plans to promote the ‘Kerala Jackfruit’ as a brand in markets across the country and abroad due to its nutritious and organic value.
Maharashtra bans Plastic
The Maharashtra government has decided to ban the use of plastic from “Gudi Padva”, the Maharashtrian New Year which falls on March 18.
The ban would cover the production, use, storage, sale, distribution, import and transportation of plastic.
However, plastic used to cover medicines, forest and horticulture products, solid waste, tree saplings and the use of plastic in special economic zones for export purposes would be exempt from the ban.
Arunachal prescribes death for raping minors
Arunachal Pradesh has become the fourth state after Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana to prescribe the death penalty for those convicted of raping girls under 12 years. The State Assembly on 16th March passed the Criminal Laws (Arunachal Pradesh) Amendment Bill 2018.
The bill seeks to amend, among others, section 354, 354 (B), 354 (D) of Indian Penal Code for harsher punishment.
India’s First Cloned Assamese Buffalo Born
The Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes (CIRB) on March 16, 2018 claimed that a cloned Assamese buffalo male calf was born for the first time in India. The calf was born to a Murrah buffalo.